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May may be a month of reopenings in Italy

Published: 15/04/2021 By The Abode Team

With many areas still effectively under lockdown and business closures continuing across the country, the Italian government has not yet provided a clear road map for reopenings. Here's what we know so far.

Italian Health Minister Roberto Speranza suggested on Tuesday that Italy’s coronavirus restrictions may be eased significantly next month. While stressing that it’s not yet possible to give any firm dates for reopening, Speranza said that the numbers are improving and that “presumably May will be a month of reopenings”. He was speaking at a meeting with trade union representatives on Tuesday following a series of protests held in Rome and other Italian cities by business owners and employees demanding an end to closures across the country. “A decision on the reopening will probably be made next week by the Council of Ministers”, the Minister for Economic Development, Giancarlo Giorgetti, told the meeting.

The whole of Italy remains under tightened restrictions, with bars and restaurants only allowed to open for take-away and delivery, and hairdressers and most shops closed in the highest risk ‘red’ zones. Across the country, gyms, cinemas and museums remain closed. Meanwhile, all non-essential travel between towns and regions is forbidden and a nightly curfew in place from 10pm. The government has said the current restrictions will stay in place until at least the end of April.

Business groups and regional leaders however continue to push for the government to ease some restrictions sooner, including on regulation of the restarting of gyms, cinemas, theaters and museums is also envisaged. Italy’s tourism minister last week proposed June 2nd as a possible date for allowing non-essential travel to restart, though this has not been officially confirmed, and no further details were given. Speranza meanwhile said he “hopes” Italy will adopt the European health passport by June, news agency Ansa reports, saying the scheme was “important to give greater confidence in travel and mobility.”

However, he said it was “premature to talk about reopening discos”. “Let’s not forget what happened last summer,” he said, apparently referring to the abrupt closure of nightclubs and tightening of rules on mask-wearing in mid-August 2020, as a fresh rise in cases in Italy was partly attributed to international travel and crowds of partying holidaymakers.

The suggested timeline for reopening this year would be similar to that followed in 2020, when rules were gradually lifted throughout May following a strict lockdown lasting almost three months. Last year’s reopening of tourism and other businesses was possible, ministers said, as Italy stepped up its test-and-trace efforts and recorded a drastic reduction in the number of coronavirus transmissions. But at the moment, as Italy’s vaccine roll-out continues to falter and the death toll remains higher than in neighbouring European countries, health experts warn that conditions are not right for reopening. Medical workers’ unions wrote to the government this week to urge caution, saying “any premature relaxation of restrictions could put the lives of Covid-19 patients at great risk”. “A slowdown of the restrictions will only be possible if daily infections remain below 5,000 cases, while maintaining a large capacity for testing, and resuming contact tracing to control the spread of the epidemic,” their recommendation read. “Hospitalizations would need to be far below the critical thresholds, and vaccinations completed at least for frail subjects and those over 60, the categories at the highest risk of hospitalization and mortality.”

On Tuesday Italy recorded 13,447 new coronavirus infections in the last 24 hours and 476 more deaths, the health ministry said.

Currently the Calabria, Puglia, Valle d’Aosta and Sardinia are red zones with all other regions being orange. No regions are currently classed as lower-risk yellow or white zones.

What’s the difference between red and orange?

Red zone rules mean the closure of all restaurants (except for take-away and delivery), bars, non-essential shops and hairdressers as well as tight restriction on movement. Anyone leaving the house will need to justify doing so using a self-declaration form.

In the orange zone, shops can remain open and movement within your region is permitted.

A 10pm-5am curfew remains in place nationwide, and all non-essential travel between regions is still prohibited.